Definition: Commonly referred to as an IEP. An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a document for a student with special needs and/or a disability that guides their education and caters to their own unique educational needs. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) mandated that all students who have a special need or disability must be placed on an IEP. Services provided by an IEP can include special education, clinical services, and transportation. An IEP is written with a team including a school administrator, a special education teacher, regular classroom teacher, the parents of the child, and child (where appropriate). It must be reviewed and updated by the team annually.