Definition: Standards can be defined as the minimal material within a curriculum that must be taught to students. Standards are typically developed by the state department of education, although many districts may have additional local standards which are required to be taught. State standards drive standardized testing. Standards can be thought of as the blue print for state testing. All students in the state will be assessed solely on that state’s standards. Recently, many states have chosen to adopt the Common Core State Standards. These are group of internationally bench-marked standards that will replace traditional state standards. The national standards will likely become the backbone of American education.